45th IAH Congress, Daejon, South Korea, September 2018
The 45th IAH Congress took place from 9 to 14 September 2018 in Daejeon, South Korea. Over 700 colleagues from 64 countries attended this congress, which was very well organized and included a great variety of scientifically relevant presentations and other activities (www.iah2018.org). The overall theme was “Groundwater and Life: Science and Technology into Action”. Karst hydrogeology and the activities of our commission were represented in many ways. Nico Goldscheider, past-chair of the Karst Commission, was invited to present a plenary keynote lecture with the title “Global challenges and local solutions in karst hydrogeology”.
One of the nine main topics was “Advances in Karst and Fractured-Rock Hydrogeology”, with KC members Nico Goldscheider and Judit Madl-Szonyi as conveners, together with Young-Jin Park and Sung-Hoon Ji for fractured rock hydrogeology. The topic also included a UNESCO-IGCP special session on the IGCP project “The Critical Zone in Karst Systems” by the Institute of Karst Geology (CAGS).
In the opening ceremony, the UNESCO representative mentioned the World Karst Aquifer Map (WOKAM) as a major recent achievement of the cooperation between IAH and UNESCO. During the general assembly, David Kreamer, IAH Vice President for Science and Programme, also mentioned WOKAM as an important accomplishment of our commission.
Last but not least, KC member Bartolomé Andreo presented and advertised the next IAH Congress that will take place from 22 to 27 September 2019 in Malaga, Spain, and that will also offer great opportunities for karst hydrogeology.
Nico Goldscheider, KC past president.
The Karst Commission Annual Meeting 2018 – July 3rd – Eurokarst 2018
The meeting of the Karst Commission (KC) took place on 3 July 2018 in Besançon, France, at the Grammont Center during the EUROKARST 2018 conference. It was attended by around 30 members and friends of the KC.
The meeting was chaired by the KC Chairman, Zoran Stevanovic and Augusto Auler, Co-Chair. In the opening speech the chairs thanks to Catherine Bertrand and her team of the organizers for a perfectly organized event attended by more than 150 participants. In the following there were reported the activities of the KC between the two meetings which included website redesign and maintenance, contribution to events and courses held, preparation of new publications, projects, initiatives. There were welcomed new KC members and received donations. It was concluded to principally use KC fund in the future to support young researchers from low income countries to attend the events on karst hydrogeology.
Further discussion was related to recent initiative of Chinese institutions IRCK, IKG, Guilin, China to set up a new Technical Committee on Karst under International Standardization Organization (ISO), which „will carry out standardization in the fields of karst terminology, sustainable development of karst resources, environmental protection and management, investigation…”. It was expressed doubtful about the idea because several reasons and disregard of the KC in the list of parties to be engaged as liaisons. However, the KC Chairman was authorized for further contacts with initiators in order to ensure regular communication during creation of this Technical Committee, which have to include representatives of the KC, as well.
Several international events for second half of 2018 were announced, and it was decided to have next Annual meeting during 2019 IAH congress which will take place in Malaga (September 22-27).
Regarding Young Karst Research Prize the Evaluation Committee for EUROKARST2018 consisted of A. Auler, P. Meus and Z. Stevanovic. They had very hard task because of big concurrency with evaluated even 36 candidates. Finally, YKRP for 2018 were awarded to Pierre Fischer, Alessandro López-Tamayo and Simone Carrière for their excellent and innovative presentations.
Zoran Stevanović, KC Chairman
Karst 2018 “Expect the unexpected“
The Symposium Karst 2018 “Expect the unexpected“ was organised in Trebinje, Bosnia & Herzegovina between 6 and 9 June, 2018 in the honour of 80th Anniversary of Petar T. Milanović’s birth. Symposium in the heart of classical Dinaric karst was attended by around 100 people from 17 countries. The keynote speakers were Derek Ford, Richard Parizek, Ralph Benischke, Lu Yaoru, Zoran Stevanović and Neno Kukurić. The symposium Proceedings contain 56 papers written by 150 authors and from beginning of July, 2018 will be available at web sites www.karst.edu.rs and www.karstportal.org.
Resources for Future Generations
The conference RFG2018 “Resources for Future Generations” was held in Vancouver, Canada between 16-21 June 2018. There were 193 Sessions in 6 Themes involving 3000 people that participated to 1128 oral and 213 posters presentations. The first annual meeting of the IGCP661 “The Critical Zones in Karst Systems” was held before the thematic karst session, while the second meeting of this project will be in September during the 45th IAH Congress, Daejeon, Korea. About 20 people from Slovenia, China, Columbia, Slovakia and other countries attended karst session.
Two new karst books were published during the first half of 2018.
- The Springer published “Karst Water Environment – Advances in Research, Management and Policy” edited by Younos Tamim, Schreiber Madeline and Kosič Ficco Katarina. This book is an edition of the series “Handbook of Environmental Chemistry” and contains nine chapters (https://www.springer.com/la/book/9783319773674).
- British Geological Society under edition Special Publications has published “Advances in Karst Research: Theory, Fieldwork and Applications” (number 466). Book is edited by Mario Parise, Franci Gabrovšek, George Kaufman and Nataša Ravbar and contains 25 chapters spilt into four thematic groups: Karst geology, geomorphology, and speleogenesis; Karst hydrogeology; Karst modelling and Karst hazards and management (https://www.geolsoc.org.uk/SP466).
The members of KC has significantly contributed to preparation of both of these books.
Outcomes of the 44th IAH Congress, Dubrovnik, Croatia, September 2017
Handover of the IAH Karst Commission to a new team of Chairs
After eight years in office, the IAH Karst Commission (KC) has been handed over to a new team of Chairs. Nico Goldscheider (Germany) served as Chair of this Commission from 2009 to 2017, supported by two Co-Chairs, Neven Kresic (USA) and Jiang Guanghui (China). Over the course of this period KC members have met annually, at nine international conferences, during which the Commission also organised scientific sessions and field trips. Members of the KC have jointly published numerous books and special issues dedicated to karst hydrogeology, including a series of “Reviews in Karst Hydrogeology” consisting – to date – of eight papers. The KC has also established the “Young Karst Researcher Prize”, with the total of 27 awardees since 2009. Several international training courses have been developed and offered on four continents. In 2017, the current team of Chairs has jointly decided to retire, to make room for new people and ideas, and has organised transparent elections for the new team. This was the first time that an IAH commission organised the elections using the anonymous electronic voting system. On 18 September 2017, Zoran Stevanovic (Serbia), Augusto Auler (Brazil) and Cheng Zhang (China) were elected for a period of 4 years as a team of three Chairs of equal standing,withrotating leadership. Zoran Stevanovic is currently serving as the first Principal Chair within this rotating system. The new team has organised a annual KC meeting during the 44th IAH Congress in Dubrovnik,which was attended by more than 50 members and friends of the KC. At the meeting, Nico Goldscheider was unanimously elected to the newly established position of Past-Chair of the KC.
Zoran Stevanovic (the new Chair) and Nico Goldscheider (Past Chair)
Activities of the Karst Commission during the 44th IAH Congress in Dubrovnik
The Karst Commission (KC) was one of the most active IAH commissions and working groups during the 44th IAH Congress held from 23 to 29 September 2017in Dubrovnik, Croatia. At the first congress’ plenary session, after the opening ceremony,Past-Chair of the KC Nico Goldscheider presented athematic lecture on theresults of the recently completed WOKAM (World Karst Aquifer Map) project, which was implemented as part of WHYMAP (World Hydrogeological Map). The KC significantly contributed to this project, many members of the Scientific Advisory Board and regional experts are KC members. The printed map (1:25 and 1:40 million) was distributed at the congress through the desk of the UNESCO, which had supported many activities during the five years of work on the WOKAM project.
As per the expectations of the Scientific Committee, the old historical city of Dubrovnik – located in heart of classical Dinaric karst – was the right choice,prompting many colleagues to present their achievements and novelties under the congress’ topic T.5 titled “Groundwater in Karst Systems”. This topic comprises six sub-topics: Sustainability of Karst Aquifer Use – Global and Regional Outlooks; Functionality and Control of Groundwater Flow in Karst; Modelling of Flow and Contaminant Transport in Karst; Protection of Karst Sources and Environment; Karst Groundwater Quality and Contamination; and Novel Methods and Techniques for Karst Aquifer Characterisation. During six sessions there were 33 oral presentations, while the poster session included 20 contributions devoted to T.5 topics. Several of the keynote lectures were presented by KC members and/or dealing with karst hydrogeology. Karst aquiferswere also the subject of one of the two workshops that were held prior to the beginning of the conference on “Water Resources Management and Engineering Challenges in Karst Aquifers” (whose conveners were Z. Stevanovic, P. Milanovic and S.Milanovic).
The “Young Karst Researcher Prize” has been established by KC in 2009, and including Dubrovnik 27 young researchers received this award. At the 44th Congress,the Prize Committee was comprised of four karst hydrogeologists who decided to award the three excellent studies presented by Jake Longenecker from USA, GiorgiaLucianetti from Italy and Chen Zhao from Germany.
The annual meeting of the Karst Commission took place on 26 September. The meeting, chaired by the recently appointed KC Chair Zoran Stevanovic, was attended by more than 50 members and friends. An active and fruitful discussion raised many issues such as membership categories, website maintenance, sponsorship, publishing, mid-term meetings and field trips, as well as educational activities. The next annual meeting will take place in Besancon, France during the EUROKARST conference in July 2018.
All six mid-term excursions, as well as the one that took place post-term, included a visit to large springs and karst features in Croatia and the neighbouring countries Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia. They were guided by KC members.
Zoran Stevanovic, KC Chairman
Past news items
In September 2016, the KC held its annual meeting at the Eurokarst conference in Neuchâtel, Switzerland. KC co-chair Neven Kresic and KC members Attila Kovacs and Pierre-Yves Jeannin were among the invited keynote lecturers.
The Young Karst Researcher Prizes 2016 were awarded to Timea Havril (Hungary), Axayacatl Maceda (Mexico / Switzerland) and Lorraine Dewaide (Belgium). KC chairman Nico Goldscheider offered a two-day field trip to the glacierised alpine karst system of Tsanfleuron-Sanetsch; KC member Pierre-Yves Jeannin co-organized a field trip to the karst systems of the Swiss Jura Mountains.
In August 2016, the 8th edition of the HYDROKARST training course was held in Yucatan, Mexico, jointly organized by the karst hydrogeology group at the University of Malaga and the group of Latin American Hydrogeologists, and sponsored by UNESCO.
In June 2016, the 3rd international field course “Characterization and Engineering of Karst Aquifers (CEKA)” was held in Trebinje, Bosnia & Herzegovina. The course was organized by the Centre for Karst Hydrogeology, University of Belgrade, and the Geological Survey of the Republic of Srpska, Zvornik, in cooperation with the Northern Arizona University.
In June 2015, the Karst Commission held its official annual meeting at the “International Conference on Groundwater in Karst” which took place in Birmingham, UK. KC members Pierre-Yves Jeannin (Switzerland), Andreas Hartmann (Germany) and Nico Goldscheider (Germany) were among the invited keynote lecturers of this conference.
The Young Karst Researcher Prizes 2015 were awarded to Amaël Poulain (Belgium), Caroline Dubois (Belgium) & Sandra Oehlmann (Germany). Mid- and Post-Conference field trips led to the Carboniferous, Jurassic and Cretaceous karst aquifer systems of the UK.
In June 2015, the second international course and field seminar Characterization and Engineering of Karst Aquifers (CEKA) was held in Trebinje, Bosnia & Herzegovina. The course was again sponsored by UNESCO and organized by the Centre for Karst Hydrogeology of the Department of Hydrogeology, University of Belgrade and the Geological Survey of the Republic of Srpska, Zvornik. The Course was attended by 21 participants from 8 countries, and lectured by 10 professors, including 6 KC members.
In September 2015, the IAH Congress in Rome was an important event for IAH and its Karst Commission. KC chairman Nico Goldscheider presented a keynote lecture on “Novel experimental and modeling approaches for the characterisation of karst systems”. The KC also organized a well-attended session on Karst Hydrogeology. A field trips guided by KC member Marco Petitta led to the major karst spring supplying Rome with drinking water.