Annual meeting of the IAH Karst Commission – 2019
The Karst Commisson held its annual meeting on September 26 at the Trade Fairs and Congress Center of Malaga, during the 46th Congress of the IAH. The meeting was coordinated by chairman Augusto Auler, assisted by co-chairman Zoran Stevanović and was well attended with approximately 35 people. Minutes have been published to the commission, and some of the highlights are given below:
KARST COMMISSION 50TH ANNIVERSARY
The Karst Commission will have its 50th anniversary in 2020. A celebration will occur during the UNESCO Karst meeting in Bowling Green. Three long standing KC members in particular will be honoured, one for each
Dr Yuan Daoxian (China) for Asia and Oceania.
Dr Derek Ford (Canada) for the Americas.
Dr Petar Milanovic (Serbia) for Europe and Africa.
These three scientists will be formally invited to attend. Details of the ceremony are being planned in conjunction with the UNESCO Karst conference organizers. The KC will seek for donors to support the attendance of the three honorees.
YOUNG KARST RESEARCHER PRIZE
A commission composed by members Peter Malik, Philippe Meus, Zoran Stevanovic and Augusto Auler
attended all karst sessions and jointly selected three winners for the 2019 Young Karst Researcher
Prize. The winner’s received typical local gifts from the IAH Conference organizers and books from
Springers. The awardees were:
Flann Corcoran – TU-Berlin, Germany.
Marie-Amelie Petre – HydroSciences Montpellier, France
Emmanuel Dubois – UQUAM Canada.
ISO TECHNICAL COMMITTEE ON KARST
As stated discussed in Besançon 2018, Chinese colleagues have successfully established a Technical Committee (TC 319) to work on standardization in karst areas. The TC had its first meeting in Guilin on the 23nd of September. According to co-chairman Zhang Cheng, it was a very successful meeting and two projects were approved by the scientists: “Monitoring methods on Karst Critical Zones” and “Karst and Cave Terminologies”.
We have received proposal for new membership followed by candidates’ applications. These
applications were announced in our KC News newsletter, together with a short CV for each applicant.
No concerns were raised by any of our members by period of one month and thus we welcome three
new KC members:
Dr Eleni Zagana from Greece.
Dr Olga Meshchryakova from Russia.
Dr Adrian Lurkiewicz from Romania.
New books – 2019
Four new books related to karst hydrogeology were published since Besançon 2018. These books were
either coordinated by KC members or contain chapters written by our members. All books were
published by Springer:
– Eurokarst 2018, Besançon. Advances in the Hydrogeology of Karst and Carbonate Reservoirs.
Edited by Catherine Bertrand, Sophie Denimal, Marc Steinmann and Philippe Renard.
– Karst Groundwater Contamination and Public Health. Beyond Case Studies. Edited by William
B. White, Janet S. Herman, Ellen K. Herman and Marian Rustigliano.
– Karst Water Environment. Advances in Research, Management and Policy. Edited by Tamim
Younos, Madeline Schreiber and Katarina Kosic Ficco.
– Dams and Reservoirs in Evaporites. Edited by Petar Milanovic, Nikolay Maksimovich and Olga
Latest collaborative articles and projects – 2019
The first WOKAM (World Karst Aquifer Mapping – a KC project) article, published in 2017 in
Hydrogeology Journal and led by Zhao Chen and Nico Goldscheider, is one of the highest cited in the
journal. A second paper has been submitted and is presently under review.
The WoKaS – World Karst Spring hydrograph database, an initiative led by Tunde Olarinoye and
Andreas Hartmann, has a worldwide group of collaborators. A very large and important dataset has
been built and a paper has been submitted to Nature Scientific Data.
A topical paper collection on sustainable management of karst natural resources has been published
in Environmental Earth Sciences, organized by Sasa Milanovic and Zoran Stevanovic.
KC member Pierre-Yves Jeannin pointed out that the “Karst Modelling Challenge”, a KC project, had a
meeting prior to the Malaga IAH Conference and is preparing a manuscript for submission.
KC member Nico Goldscheider commented about the project KARMA (Karst Aquifer Resources
Availability and Quality in the Mediterranean Area) is now in its initial stages and will involve many KC
Past meetings – 2019
Three meetings were organized by KC members and all happened in June, which made the attendance to all of them a nearly impossible task.
After many years, a traditional event of the KC was re-established. The Karst Commission Geotrip was organized by colleagues from Serbia and Romania and took place between 15-18 of June. Approximately 30 people attended the Geotrip which consisted in an informal field trip mixing karst and cultural sites in a relaxed atmosphere. The Geotrip visited the karst areas along the southern margin of the Carpathian Mountains, between the Danube and Olt rivers. The overall opinion was that it was an excellent meeting (http://www.karst.edu.rs/en/index.html).
Between June 17-21, the 27th Karstological School was organized by KC member Nataša Ravbar and karst colleagues from Postojna’s Karst Institute and dealt with “Karst Hydrogeology – Research Trends and Applications”. 153 participants from 25 countries attended the meeting. Keynote speakers were I. Sasowsky, R. Benischke, I. Jemcov, L. Gill and M. Sinreich, with a total of 35 additional presentations plus 57 posters (http://iks.zrc-sazu.si/datoteke/IKS-27-Guide-book-2019.pdf).
Between June 24-26 karst enthusiasts gathered in Sicily for the Man and Karst Conference. Organized by KC Member Rosario Ruggeri, the meeting had approximately 100 participants from different countries and institutions. A total of 35 presentations were given, some of which will be selected for future publication in Springer’s Carbonates and Evaporites. Field trips were offered in karst and volcanic landscapes of Sicily (http://cirs-ragusa.org/blog/program/).
Past courses – 2019
Three courses took place since the 2018 Besançon meeting.
In May 26 – June 1, 2019, the International Course on Characterization and Engineering of Karst
Aquifer (CEKA) took place in Belgrade, coordinated by the Centre for Karst Hydrogeology of the University
of Belgrade. Field trips occurred in the Carpathian Karst.
In September 21-22, 2019, prior to the IAH Conference in Malaga, the HYDROKARST course was
offered, coordinated by KC member Bartolomé Andreo and Juan José Duran.
Two editions of the Short Course KARSYS occurred in 2019. This one-day course was offered during
the Karstological School in Postojna and again at the IAH Congress in Malaga.
Karst hydrogeology research featured on German television!
A very nice video featuring Nico Goldscheider’s research was aired in early March in the most popular and renowned science program on German TV. The video (in German) has in its first part research performed in Blue Cave and Blue Spring, showing some water tracing experiments. In the second part the video deals with the World Karst Aquifer Map (WOKAM), a KC project coordinated by Nico and Zhao Chen. You can check it out HERE!
Karst Commission funding for young scientists
Following the decisions of our last meeting at the Eurokarst 2018 in Besançon, we have established a program for funding young scientists to attend official KC meetings. The program applies to young (up to 35 years old) scientists from low and transition income countries (check the classification at https://iah.org/join-us/country-fee-bands). Interested candidates must have an accepted abstract and submit to the KC a short CV together with a motivation letter. The decision will be made based on scientific merit, level of income and age. One candidate will be awarded per year. Please see HERE for more details
This year the official KC meeting will the IAH Congress in Malaga. Abstract deadline is in the coming days, April 30. We invite KC members to spread the news to their young students and collaborators so we can choose among suitable candidates.
According to what was agreed during the election, a rotating system would take place between the three chairmen, Zoran Stevanovic, Augusto Auler and Zhang Cheng. Zoran Stevanovic’s term has come to an end and now Augusto Auler, will coordinate the KC (with the help of the two others!) for the coming months. We acknowledge the great work done by Zoran and count on him to help us keep the KC active and truly a worldwide organization.
Please send any news you would like to see disseminated to my e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. And feel free to contact me if you need help or information regarding the IAH Karst Commission.
We would like to welcome our new member from southern Italy, Rosario Ruggeri. Rosario is known to many of us (photo attached) and has been an active karst hydrogeologist since the 1970’s. He is currently head of the Hyblean Center for Speleo-hydrogeological Research and is lucky to be based in the beautiful karstlands of Sicily. We are also pleased to announce two new members, Konstantinos Voudouris of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki of Greece and President of the Greek National Chapter of the IAH, and Avihu Burg, of the Geological Survey of Israel. Welcome to these two members.
The Annual Report of the Karst Commission
The Annual Report of the KC for 2018 has been sent to the IAH Council, please contact Augusto Auler if you wish to receive a copy. We have many activities, organising conferences and training courses, executing some of the existing or preparing new projects, writing books and numerous articles. Since autumn of 2017, we have received 11 new members of the KC. Several important international karst-related events will take place in the course of next year, presenting new opportunities to meet up and discuss current developments in karst hydrogeology. The Annual Meeting of the KC will take place in Malaga in September, during the 46th Congress of IAH.
Newly Approved Project KARMA
Our former President Nico Goldscheider has informed us with pleasure that the project “Karst Aquifer Resources Availability and Quality in the Mediterranean Area” (KARMA), submitted to the PRIMA (Partnership for Research and Innovation in the Mediterranean Area) has been approved and that it is likely to start in mid-2019. The project falls within the group of only 5% of the projects that have been selected for financing (18 out of 360 applications). The project will be coordinated by KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany (Nico Goldscheider & Nadine Göppert), while 7 partners from 6 countries will be working at five test sites (located in Spain, France, Italy, Lebanon and Tunisia). The Mediterranean Karst Aquifer Map – MEDKAM should be an important deliverable of the project. In addition, local population and stakeholders in designated Mediterranean countries should also benefit from this project by providing technical proposals for sustainable water use. Nico emphasised that this is really a major project of the KC, with many of our members being part of the consortium or the external advisory board.
Special session commemorating 125th anniversary of Cvijic’s book ‘Das Karstphaenomen’
On November 7 2018 the Special Session and conference were organised by the Serbian Academy of Science and Arts in Belgrade to commemorate 125 years since publication of one of the milestones in development of karstology and karst hydrogeology – the Monograph “Das Karstphaenomen” written by Jovan Cvijić. The 20 invited lectures related to Cvijić’s work and life and state of art in karstology, speleology and karst hydrogeology were presented by experts from Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Slovenia and Serbia. More information is available at www.karst.edu.rs
45th IAH Congress, Daejon, South Korea, September 2018
The 45th IAH Congress took place from 9 to 14 September 2018 in Daejeon, South Korea. Over 700 colleagues from 64 countries attended this congress, which was very well organized and included a great variety of scientifically relevant presentations and other activities (www.iah2018.org). The overall theme was “Groundwater and Life: Science and Technology into Action”. Karst hydrogeology and the activities of our commission were represented in many ways. Nico Goldscheider, past-chair of the Karst Commission, was invited to present a plenary keynote lecture with the title “Global challenges and local solutions in karst hydrogeology”.
One of the nine main topics was “Advances in Karst and Fractured-Rock Hydrogeology”, with KC members Nico Goldscheider and Judit Madl-Szonyi as conveners, together with Young-Jin Park and Sung-Hoon Ji for fractured rock hydrogeology. The topic also included a UNESCO-IGCP special session on the IGCP project “The Critical Zone in Karst Systems” by the Institute of Karst Geology (CAGS).
In the opening ceremony, the UNESCO representative mentioned the World Karst Aquifer Map (WOKAM) as a major recent achievement of the cooperation between IAH and UNESCO. During the general assembly, David Kreamer, IAH Vice President for Science and Programme, also mentioned WOKAM as an important accomplishment of our commission.
Last but not least, KC member Bartolomé Andreo presented and advertised the next IAH Congress that will take place from 22 to 27 September 2019 in Malaga, Spain, and that will also offer great opportunities for karst hydrogeology.
Nico Goldscheider, KC past president.
The Karst Commission Annual Meeting 2018 – July 3rd – Eurokarst 2018
The meeting of the Karst Commission (KC) took place on 3 July 2018 in Besançon, France, at the Grammont Center during the EUROKARST 2018 conference. It was attended by around 30 members and friends of the KC.
The meeting was chaired by the KC Chairman, Zoran Stevanovic and Augusto Auler, Co-Chair. In the opening speech the chairs thanks to Catherine Bertrand and her team of the organizers for a perfectly organized event attended by more than 150 participants. In the following there were reported the activities of the KC between the two meetings which included website redesign and maintenance, contribution to events and courses held, preparation of new publications, projects, initiatives. There were welcomed new KC members and received donations. It was concluded to principally use KC fund in the future to support young researchers from low income countries to attend the events on karst hydrogeology.
Further discussion was related to recent initiative of Chinese institutions IRCK, IKG, Guilin, China to set up a new Technical Committee on Karst under International Standardization Organization (ISO), which „will carry out standardization in the fields of karst terminology, sustainable development of karst resources, environmental protection and management, investigation…”. It was expressed doubtful about the idea because several reasons and disregard of the KC in the list of parties to be engaged as liaisons. However, the KC Chairman was authorized for further contacts with initiators in order to ensure regular communication during creation of this Technical Committee, which have to include representatives of the KC, as well.
Several international events for second half of 2018 were announced, and it was decided to have next Annual meeting during 2019 IAH congress which will take place in Malaga (September 22-27).
Regarding Young Karst Research Prize the Evaluation Committee for EUROKARST2018 consisted of A. Auler, P. Meus and Z. Stevanovic. They had very hard task because of big concurrency with evaluated even 36 candidates. Finally, YKRP for 2018 were awarded to Pierre Fischer, Alessandro López-Tamayo and Simone Carrière for their excellent and innovative presentations.
Zoran Stevanović, KC Chairman
Karst 2018 “Expect the unexpected“
The Symposium Karst 2018 “Expect the unexpected“ was organised in Trebinje, Bosnia & Herzegovina between 6 and 9 June, 2018 in the honour of 80th Anniversary of Petar T. Milanović’s birth. Symposium in the heart of classical Dinaric karst was attended by around 100 people from 17 countries. The keynote speakers were Derek Ford, Richard Parizek, Ralph Benischke, Lu Yaoru, Zoran Stevanović and Neno Kukurić. The symposium Proceedings contain 56 papers written by 150 authors and from beginning of July, 2018 will be available at web sites www.karst.edu.rs and www.karstportal.org.
Resources for Future Generations
The conference RFG2018 “Resources for Future Generations” was held in Vancouver, Canada between 16-21 June 2018. There were 193 Sessions in 6 Themes involving 3000 people that participated to 1128 oral and 213 posters presentations. The first annual meeting of the IGCP661 “The Critical Zones in Karst Systems” was held before the thematic karst session, while the second meeting of this project will be in September during the 45th IAH Congress, Daejeon, Korea. About 20 people from Slovenia, China, Columbia, Slovakia and other countries attended karst session.
Two new karst books were published during the first half of 2018.
- The Springer published “Karst Water Environment – Advances in Research, Management and Policy” edited by Younos Tamim, Schreiber Madeline and Kosič Ficco Katarina. This book is an edition of the series “Handbook of Environmental Chemistry” and contains nine chapters (https://www.springer.com/la/book/9783319773674).
- British Geological Society under edition Special Publications has published “Advances in Karst Research: Theory, Fieldwork and Applications” (number 466). Book is edited by Mario Parise, Franci Gabrovšek, George Kaufman and Nataša Ravbar and contains 25 chapters spilt into four thematic groups: Karst geology, geomorphology, and speleogenesis; Karst hydrogeology; Karst modelling and Karst hazards and management (https://www.geolsoc.org.uk/SP466).
The members of KC has significantly contributed to preparation of both of these books.
Outcomes of the 44th IAH Congress, Dubrovnik, Croatia, September 2017
Handover of the IAH Karst Commission to a new team of Chairs
After eight years in office, the IAH Karst Commission (KC) has been handed over to a new team of Chairs. Nico Goldscheider (Germany) served as Chair of this Commission from 2009 to 2017, supported by two Co-Chairs, Neven Kresic (USA) and Jiang Guanghui (China). Over the course of this period KC members have met annually, at nine international conferences, during which the Commission also organised scientific sessions and field trips. Members of the KC have jointly published numerous books and special issues dedicated to karst hydrogeology, including a series of “Reviews in Karst Hydrogeology” consisting – to date – of eight papers. The KC has also established the “Young Karst Researcher Prize”, with the total of 27 awardees since 2009. Several international training courses have been developed and offered on four continents. In 2017, the current team of Chairs has jointly decided to retire, to make room for new people and ideas, and has organised transparent elections for the new team. This was the first time that an IAH commission organised the elections using the anonymous electronic voting system. On 18 September 2017, Zoran Stevanovic (Serbia), Augusto Auler (Brazil) and Cheng Zhang (China) were elected for a period of 4 years as a team of three Chairs of equal standing,withrotating leadership. Zoran Stevanovic is currently serving as the first Principal Chair within this rotating system. The new team has organised a annual KC meeting during the 44th IAH Congress in Dubrovnik,which was attended by more than 50 members and friends of the KC. At the meeting, Nico Goldscheider was unanimously elected to the newly established position of Past-Chair of the KC.
Zoran Stevanovic (the new Chair) and Nico Goldscheider (Past Chair)
Activities of the Karst Commission during the 44th IAH Congress in Dubrovnik
The Karst Commission (KC) was one of the most active IAH commissions and working groups during the 44th IAH Congress held from 23 to 29 September 2017in Dubrovnik, Croatia. At the first congress’ plenary session, after the opening ceremony,Past-Chair of the KC Nico Goldscheider presented athematic lecture on theresults of the recently completed WOKAM (World Karst Aquifer Map) project, which was implemented as part of WHYMAP (World Hydrogeological Map). The KC significantly contributed to this project, many members of the Scientific Advisory Board and regional experts are KC members. The printed map (1:25 and 1:40 million) was distributed at the congress through the desk of the UNESCO, which had supported many activities during the five years of work on the WOKAM project.
As per the expectations of the Scientific Committee, the old historical city of Dubrovnik – located in heart of classical Dinaric karst – was the right choice,prompting many colleagues to present their achievements and novelties under the congress’ topic T.5 titled “Groundwater in Karst Systems”. This topic comprises six sub-topics: Sustainability of Karst Aquifer Use – Global and Regional Outlooks; Functionality and Control of Groundwater Flow in Karst; Modelling of Flow and Contaminant Transport in Karst; Protection of Karst Sources and Environment; Karst Groundwater Quality and Contamination; and Novel Methods and Techniques for Karst Aquifer Characterisation. During six sessions there were 33 oral presentations, while the poster session included 20 contributions devoted to T.5 topics. Several of the keynote lectures were presented by KC members and/or dealing with karst hydrogeology. Karst aquiferswere also the subject of one of the two workshops that were held prior to the beginning of the conference on “Water Resources Management and Engineering Challenges in Karst Aquifers” (whose conveners were Z. Stevanovic, P. Milanovic and S.Milanovic).
The “Young Karst Researcher Prize” has been established by KC in 2009, and including Dubrovnik 27 young researchers received this award. At the 44th Congress,the Prize Committee was comprised of four karst hydrogeologists who decided to award the three excellent studies presented by Jake Longenecker from USA, GiorgiaLucianetti from Italy and Chen Zhao from Germany.
The annual meeting of the Karst Commission took place on 26 September. The meeting, chaired by the recently appointed KC Chair Zoran Stevanovic, was attended by more than 50 members and friends. An active and fruitful discussion raised many issues such as membership categories, website maintenance, sponsorship, publishing, mid-term meetings and field trips, as well as educational activities. The next annual meeting will take place in Besancon, France during the EUROKARST conference in July 2018.
All six mid-term excursions, as well as the one that took place post-term, included a visit to large springs and karst features in Croatia and the neighbouring countries Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia. They were guided by KC members.
Zoran Stevanovic, KC Chairman
Past news items
In September 2016, the KC held its annual meeting at the Eurokarst conference in Neuchâtel, Switzerland. KC co-chair Neven Kresic and KC members Attila Kovacs and Pierre-Yves Jeannin were among the invited keynote lecturers.
The Young Karst Researcher Prizes 2016 were awarded to Timea Havril (Hungary), Axayacatl Maceda (Mexico / Switzerland) and Lorraine Dewaide (Belgium). KC chairman Nico Goldscheider offered a two-day field trip to the glacierised alpine karst system of Tsanfleuron-Sanetsch; KC member Pierre-Yves Jeannin co-organized a field trip to the karst systems of the Swiss Jura Mountains.
In August 2016, the 8th edition of the HYDROKARST training course was held in Yucatan, Mexico, jointly organized by the karst hydrogeology group at the University of Malaga and the group of Latin American Hydrogeologists, and sponsored by UNESCO.
In June 2016, the 3rd international field course “Characterization and Engineering of Karst Aquifers (CEKA)” was held in Trebinje, Bosnia & Herzegovina. The course was organized by the Centre for Karst Hydrogeology, University of Belgrade, and the Geological Survey of the Republic of Srpska, Zvornik, in cooperation with the Northern Arizona University.
In June 2015, the Karst Commission held its official annual meeting at the “International Conference on Groundwater in Karst” which took place in Birmingham, UK. KC members Pierre-Yves Jeannin (Switzerland), Andreas Hartmann (Germany) and Nico Goldscheider (Germany) were among the invited keynote lecturers of this conference.
The Young Karst Researcher Prizes 2015 were awarded to Amaël Poulain (Belgium), Caroline Dubois (Belgium) & Sandra Oehlmann (Germany). Mid- and Post-Conference field trips led to the Carboniferous, Jurassic and Cretaceous karst aquifer systems of the UK.
In June 2015, the second international course and field seminar Characterization and Engineering of Karst Aquifers (CEKA) was held in Trebinje, Bosnia & Herzegovina. The course was again sponsored by UNESCO and organized by the Centre for Karst Hydrogeology of the Department of Hydrogeology, University of Belgrade and the Geological Survey of the Republic of Srpska, Zvornik. The Course was attended by 21 participants from 8 countries, and lectured by 10 professors, including 6 KC members.
In September 2015, the IAH Congress in Rome was an important event for IAH and its Karst Commission. KC chairman Nico Goldscheider presented a keynote lecture on “Novel experimental and modeling approaches for the characterisation of karst systems”. The KC also organized a well-attended session on Karst Hydrogeology. A field trips guided by KC member Marco Petitta led to the major karst spring supplying Rome with drinking water.